Dr. Dale's Nano Ionic Minerals
Ionic, Colloidal, and Pill Supplements
What's the difference? Get the facts!
Documented scientific mineral research is actually quite extensive and informative, yet it is frequently ignored in the mainstream media. The following is a short synopsis of the most important minerals along with references to research articles.
It is very important to understand the function of minerals and how they work in the body. Minerals are enzyme catalysts. They activate enzymes. They do not do anything in isolation and therefore require a full compliment of good protein, fats, and carbohydrates to create the well functioning organic system we know of as our body.
Much of the research cited herein will be found on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine. PubMed includes over 15 million citations from MEDLINE and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to the 1950s. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources.
Dr. Dale's Ionic Minerals are the purest on the market (up to 99.9999% pure), in the purest water (a five step purification process assures absolutely pure water), nothing more, nothing less. Through a complex proprietary process, liquefies minerals to a state where (if dehydrated) they will grow crystals. Each mineral presents unique problems that must be overcome in a different manner than each other mineral. When a plant processes minerals from the earth, they end up as ionic minerals, the form necessary in order to be useable and absorbable by the body.
The Ionic Minerals in our bodies are the same of which the earth is made. They are essential for life and health. Specific ionic minerals facilitate specific functions in the organs and tissues where they are dominantly stored. Each ionic mineral is a conductor or transmitter operating on a specific vibratory frequency. Rarely does any element function alone. Each element achieves its power through bio-chemical combination and relationship with other elements; in other words, Liquid Minerals work synergistically with other nutrients from a wholesome natural diet.
Cell Ready = assimilated into the human cell, not just the blood stream
Ionic = possesses an electrical charge
Water Soluble = mineral angstrom sized particles in an aqueous solution
Dr. Dale's ionic minerals, are in a water-soluble form with an extremely high absorption rate. The product contains no fillers, binders, preservatives, or chemicals... The following minerals will be available in concentrates.
Nano Ionic Multiple Minerals:
Boron, Calcium, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Potassium, Selenium, Silica, Sulphur, Zinc.
Nano Ionic Immune Formula:
Zinc, Selenium, Sulphur, Silver
Nano Ionic Bone Formula:
Boron, Calcium, Copper, Magnesium, Manganese, Silica, Sulfur, Zinc.
Nano Ionic Joint Formula:
Nano Ionic Silica:
Nano Ionic Magnesium:
Who needs these formulas: anyone with inflammation, osteoporosis, osteopenia, infection, joint and muscle issues, hair loss, menstrual irregularities, menopause, perimenopause, prostate inflammation and/or enlargement, cancer, any degenerative disease. This minerals are included in the saliva test program for every single patient. You can muscle test it or use EAV as well.
See actual labels with ingredients by clicking on the name of each mineral formula above. One 2 oz bottle makes a 30 days supply, using once per day.
What is an ion?
An ion is any atom or group of atoms that holds one or more positive or negative electrical charges. Positively charged ions are known as cations while negatively charged ions are called anions. Ions are formed by the addition of electrons to, or the removal of electrons from, neutral atoms or molecules or other ions. Additionally, the splitting of the bond between two atoms such that a portion of the electrons shared by the previously joined atoms are split between the two now individual atoms. Examples of this include the reaction between a sodium atom and a chlorine atom to form sodium chloride (NaCl), now comprised of a sodium cation and a chloride anion. Some important cations for human health are calcium, hydrogen, magnesium, sodium and potassium, while the important anions are bicarbonate, chloride and phosphate, to name a few.
Minerals are found throughout nature, although oftentimes the forms they are found in are not well utilized by the human body. In physiology, it is known that in order for an organism to properly and completely absorb minerals, they must have an electrical charge attached in order to penetrate cellular barriers. This cellular barrier, known as the cellular membrane, is the ultimate gatekeeper, deciding exactly what enters and exits the cell. The fluid surrounding our cells is saturated with both cations and anions, as is the fluid inside of the cells. Because of this separation of atoms with specific electrical charges, an electrical gradient, or current, is formed across the cell membrane. Because of this current, the movement of the charged mineral particles that the cell requires tends to flow more easily across the cell membrane.
Ionic versus Colloidal
The chemical gradient results in the passive movement of ions from a region of higher concentration to lesser concentration. In humans, this process is achieved in the stomach, where hydrochloric acid assists in splitting apart groups of atoms, leaving them in an ionic state which allows them to more easily penetrate the intestinal wall, where a large amount of absorption takes place. The body preferentially absorbs minerals in ionic form, while other mineral forms (organic, colloidal) are not as readily absorbed.
The term used to describe the condition in which materials are held in a stable, colloidal suspension is called the ëdispersed phase. In the dispersed phase they are distributed evenly and uniformly throughout whatever medium they are suspended. The problem with this is that the ability of colloids to be readily absorbed by the body is limited due to their size and that they are not charged. Without an electrical charge, minerals are not likely to penetrate the cell membrane.
Minerals found in the stable colloidal state, are too large and insoluble to dissolve but are also too small to settle out of the suspension. This fixed state of suspension occurs regardless of whether the substances are inorganic (metals) or organic (plant tissues). Colloids, by definition, cannot penetrate the semi-permeable membranes, which line our intestinal tract, mouth and esophagus. Because of their relatively large particle size, it is difficult for most living tissues to directly absorb colloids.
Ionic minerals are already in a form that the body recognizes and understands so they can be easily assimilated through the selectively permeable cell membranes. The colloidal minerals, on the other hand, must first undergo a process of conversion within the body prior to being absorbed, and then only a certain percentage is utilized after the conversion process. The bioavailability of a mineral is influenced by the form in which it is consumed in the diet, and by the presence of other factors in the food that enhance or depress mineral absorption and utilization.
Ions play an important role in the body. Larger minerals such as calcium, potassium, sodium, and chloride are some key ions that participate in the body's electrical conduction systems. Imbalances of any of these ions or certain trace ions in the body can negatively affect the transport of minerals across the cell membranes, leading to dysfunction. Meanwhile, trace minerals such as chromium, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, vanadium and copper have very specific effects in the body, and have far-reaching health effects as evidenced by current research.
Colloidal and Ionic Minerals:
The Difference is in the ABSORPTION!!!!
Minerals can generally be found in two different forms. The first form is that of a colloid, where minerals are suspended in a stable form. In this stable form, the minerals are evenly distributed throughout the medium in which they are suspended. Minerals in this colloid state are held in large, organized patterns, whereby they remain in suspension without settling out.
Manufacturers claim that supplements made from these colloids are more balanced than other mineral supplements and are in a natural form that is easier for the body to use. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the American Dietetic Association, no scientific evidence supports these claims. Commercial colloidal mineral products are derived from clay or humic shale deposits and there is a tremendous amount of promotional claims for colloidal mineral products. There is no reliable medical evidence to support using these products.
Ionic minerals, on the other hand, are easily transported across the highly selective cell membranes of the human digestive tract. Because ionic minerals are charged, the body has to employ less energy in order to absorb these minerals. Colloidal minerals must be dismantled, into smaller parts, and obtain an electrical charge in order to cross the intestinal membrane. This electrical gradient allows for the easy flow of ionic minerals from an area of higher concentration (intestines) to an area of lesser concentration (cells of the body). The body assists in this process by further charging ions during the course of the digestive process. The body absorbs ionic minerals with greater efficacy than colloidal minerals, as colloids must undergo the complete processes of digestion into smaller charged particles, and even after undergoing these processes; the body utilizes not all of the colloid mineral form, just as not all foods eaten are completely utilized.
Various minerals, in their atomic form, link with other minerals to form ionic complexes. Nature has designed an intricate fit between atoms of different species. For instance, each atom has a particular number of electrons within its grasp that it constantly maintains. As this atom interacts with other atoms of the same type, or even different types, it enters into electron-sharing agreements with these different atoms, forming different mineral complexes. This association is highly important to the workings of all biological organisms, as the linking of many different types of atoms forms solid matter.
Importance of Ionic minerals
Minerals are found both in their single, unlinked form (such as a solitary potassium ion) and their ionic form in which they have joined with another atom to make a charged mineral particle. The large majority of minerals are found bound in some form or another, which is important for their utilization in human physiology. When the body absorbs ionized, or electrically charged minerals, they can be readily absorbed through our selectively permeable intestinal membranes. In fact, the membranes lining our intestinal tract maintain their own specific electrical charge in the form of ionic receptors. The body maintains this charge on the lining of membranes in order to facilitate the absorption of food nutrients. Different receptor areas maintain different charge qualities, allowing for the attraction of the multitudes of diverse nutrients that pass through the intestinal tract. Because of this charge, ionic minerals are easily taken in to the cells lining the intestinal tract, whereby they may be readily employed in the many physiologic activities of the body.
1. Dorlandís medical illustrated dictionary, 24th edition
2. Schauss A. Colloidal minerals: Clinical implications of clay suspension products sold as dietary supplements. Amer J of Nat Med 1997;4(1):5-10.
3. Dreosti IE. Recommended dietary intakes of iron, zinc, and other inorganic nutrients and their chemical form and bioavailability. Nutrition 1993 Nov-Dec;9(6):542-5.
4. Hegsted DM. A perspective on reducing salt intake. Hypertension 1991 Jan;17(1 Suppl):I201-4
5. Espeland MA, Kumanyika S, Yunis C, Zheng B, Brown WM, Jackson S, Wilson AC, Bahnson J. Electrolyte intake and nonpharmacologic blood pressure control.
Ann Epidemiol 2002 Nov;12(8):587-95
6. Fairweather-Tait SJ, Teucher B. Iron and calcium bioavailability of fortified foods and dietary supplements. Nutr Rev 2002 Nov;60(11):360-7
Information on calcium is extensive and follows at the end of this page.
Chromium (Cr) is implicated in maintenance of blood sugar, prevention of atherosclerosis, and control of cholesterol levels. Human studies suggest that a particular form of chromium known as chromium picolinate, enhances insulin sensitivity, glucose removal, and may improve lipid ratios in obese and type 2 diabetics. Additionally, it is suggested that chromium has a potential beneficial antioxidant effect in patients with type 2 diabetes when combined with zinc and copper supplementation. Chromium is found in some foods, in small amounts. Because of this, supplementation with chromium can have positive health implications.
Manganese (Mn) is a component of several enzyme systems, including manganese-specific glycosyltransferases and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and is essential for normal bone structure. Unrefined cereals, green leafy vegetables, and black tea are the richest dietary sources of manganese. Unfortunately, the refinement of grains has lead to widespread inadequacies in the daily intake of manganese from our diet. Manganese deficiency can manifest as transient dermatitis, hypocholesterolemia, and an increased liver enzyme (alkaline phosphatase) levels.
Selenium (Se) is a part of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase, which metabolizes free radicals formed from the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Selenium is also a part of the enzymes that deiodinate thyroid hormones, assisting the body's use of this hormone. Selenium functions as an antioxidant that works in conjunction with vitamin E. One study determined that head and neck cancer patients had serum selenium levels that were significantly lower compared with controls, and these levels decreased further as their tumor burden increased.
Molybdenum (Mo) is a transition metal that forms oxides and is a component of a coenzyme that is essential for the activity of xanthine oxidase, sulfite oxidase, and aldehyde oxidase. Molybdenum is derived principally from organ meats, whole-grain cereals, and legumes. Molybdenum may possibly retard degenerative diseases, cancer and aging. Molybdenum acts as a detoxification agent in the liver as a part of the sulfite oxidase enzyme, which destroys sulfite, a common preservative in foods and drugs.
Vanadium (V) has a significant role in inducing the production of reduced glutathione content in the liver and specific extra hepatic tissues. Additionally, vanadium increases the activity of the detoxifying enzyme system glutathione S-transferase in liver and in several extra hepatic tissues. Because of vanadium's ability to induce an increase of detoxifying enzyme activity, vanadium might be considered a potential cancer chemo preventive agent. Vanadium appears to function like insulin by altering cell membrane function for ion transport processes, increasing insulin receptor sensitivity. Vanadium may also inhibit cholesterol synthesis in animals and humans resulting in decreased plasma levels.
Copper (Cu) is a universally important cofactor for many hundreds of enzymes. Copper functions as a co-factor and activator of numerous enzymes that are involved in the development and maintenance of the cardiovascular system. Copper is essential for the function of reduced lysyl oxidase activity, which causes a conversion of the connective tissue element pro-elastin to elastin. A copper deficiency can result in a decrease in the tinsel strength of arterial walls, leading to aneurysm formation and skeletal maldevelopment. Other effects of copper deficiency are anemia (iron storage disease can result from chronic copper deficiency), poor hair keratinization and hypopigmentation.
Deficiency: Normocytic anemia, depigmentation of hair and skin, edema, skeletal defects, and possibly rheumatoid arthritis.
Iodine is a catalyst for the enzymes, which manufacture T4 & T3 - a thyroid hormone. It is stored primarily in the thyroid. Thyroid hormones regulate body temperature, metabolic rate, cellular reproduction, growth, blood cell production, nerve and muscle function, and much more. A lack of Iodine can create goiter or enlargement of the thyroid gland. A malfunction of the thyroid (insufficient production of the thyroid hormone as measured by a blood test) is many times the result of toxic overload or heavy metal toxicity - especially Mercury.
Deficiency: Goiter, hypothyroidism
Magnesium is a fascinating element, which plays a role in many different body functions. Magnesium is found throughout the body. It is believed to be essential for calcium deposition into bone. It is required for energy production and muscle relaxation. It has been shown to be very effective in stopping nervous twitches, muscle cramping while at rest, and nervous leg syndrome. More important, it is absolutely essential for proper heart function. Without magnesium, the heart cannot relax. Sudden heart attacks are many times the result of a lack of Magnesium. Alcohol consumption impedes the availability of Magnesium to the cells.
Deficiency: triggers or causes the following 22 conditions: Anxiety and panic attacks, Asthma, Blood clots, Bowel disease, Cystitis, Depression, Detoxification, Diabetes, Syndrome X, Metabolic Syndrome, Fatigue, Heart disease, Hypertension, Hypoglycemia, Insomnia, Kidney Disease, Liver Disease, Migraine, Musculoskeletal conditions, Nerve problems, Obstetrics and Gynecology--premenstrual syndrome, dysmenorrhea (cramping pain during menses), infertility, premature contractions, preeclampsia, and eclampsia in pregnancy), Osteoporosis, Raynaud's Syndrome, Tooth decay. The introduction of magnesium, either by a high-magnesium diet, with green drinks, or ionic magnesium, can help alleviate the above conditions.
Science and medicine have both turned their backs on magnesium. Science opts out because the scientific methodology is defined by being able to test one thing at a time ending up with one result. Science finds magnesium too difficult to corral, partly because it is responsible for the correct metabolic function of over 350 enzymes in the body. The creation of ATP (adenosine triphospate) the energy molecules of the body, the action of the heart muscle, the proper formation of bones and teeth, relaxation of blood vessels, and the promotion of proper bowel function are all under the guidance of magnesium.
Found primarily within the interior of our cells, Potassium is an essential electrolyte. A major role is in the maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance and cell integrity (size and shape). It is essential for nerve transmission and muscle contraction. It is the counterbalance of Magnesium. Potassium has little if any toxicity. It is very important to maintain adequate tissue levels. We should be consuming 5 times more Potassium than Sodium. Our present dietary patterns have reversed this ratio due primarily to increased sodium content in prepared foods.
Deficiency: Irregular rapid heartbeat, High Blood Pressure, kidney disease, infrequent menstrual cycles, ovarian cysts, muscle cramps/spasms, joint pains, weakened immune system, hyperglycemia, edema, hypoglycemia.
Until recently this element was thought to be non-essential and toxic at quite low levels. Recent research is now showing some extraordinarily important roles for Selenium in human metabolism. Selenium has now been identified as a very important anti-oxidant. It appears to be a major catalyst to the activation of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase, a major preventor of free radicals. It is also important for proper thyroid function. As an anti-oxidant, having an adequate tissue level of Selenium may be protective for heart disease and cancer as oxidative imbalance has been implicated in both diseases. Recently, an important study showed the capability of Selenium to inhibit the ability of a virus to mutate once imbedded in its host. Selenium is also an important heavy metal chelator.
Deficiency: Premature stamina loss, Keshan(cardiomyopathy) disease, increased susceptibility to cardiovascular disease and diminished Thyroid Function. Impaired resistance to oxidative stress also occurs. Extremely low levels are associated with increased cancer risk.
Silica is the combination of the 2 most common elements on the planet - Oxygen and Silicon. Some scientists hypothesize that we could just as easily have been a Silicon based organism as a Carbon based organism. Two functions have been identified for Silicon. It is the primary Calcium management element and is responsible for making sure calcium is not stored in any locations other than bone. Without Silica, the body will store calcium (of which most of us get too much of) in areas like, artery walls, joints, organs and soft tissue. The second Silicon role is in collagen formation. The physical manifestation of aging is the inability of the body to reproduce collagen the way we could in our 20's and 30's. This leads to wrinkles, loss of flexibility, porosity of bones, digestive problems, arthritis and many other issues associated with aging. We feel Silica is the most natural and effective supplement on the market today to reverse or eliminate, arthritis, GI tract disorders, and osteoporosis. Silica is also known to enhance appearance of hair, skin and nails.
Indications: Useful for the treatment of arthritis, bone diseases such as osteoporosis and rickets, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, edema, gallbladder disorders, inflammation, muscle cramps, and prostate disorders. Used in a poultice form to depress bleeding and accelerate healing of burns and wounds.
Often in course work on Clinical Nutrition, Sulfur is mentioned only in passing as a qualifying macro mineral. It is in fact the 4th most prevalent element in our body after Calcium. The comment in the books suggest that the body does not use Sulfur as a nutrient but that it only occurs in essential B vitamins and some amino acids. In fact, Sulfur acts like all the other minerals- as a catalyst for enzyme activation. Sulfur is found in every cell in the body. It is a potent anti-inflammatory, an anti-oxidant, and is essential for collagen formation and protein synthesis. Sulfur is an underrated yet essential element. This fact was much more understood and appreciated in times past. "Taking the waters" was common rhetoric for using Sulfur baths for health issues.
Deficiency: Alzheimer's disease, nerve degeneration, memory loss, arthritis/cartilage degeneration, lupus, scleroderma, reduced insulin production, collagen diseases affecting hair, skin, and nails.
Zinc's most important role is in maintaining the immune system. Zinc is important for the production, storage, and release of insulin. It is active in blood clotting, thyroid function, and influences behavior and learning. It is essential for vision, sense of taste and smell, wound healing, sperm production and a healthy prostate. Other roles are proper early development and health of the reproductive organs. The body will usually react very quickly to Zinc supplementation.
Deficiency: decreased growth, loss of taste and smell, sterility, poor wound healing, skin, rash, hair loss, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, muscle weakness, arthritis, High Blood Pressure, infertility, impotence, toxemia, of pregnancy, hypochlorhydria, diabetes, night blindness, cataracts, and immune dysfunction.
From the examples above, it is clear that maintaining a balance of ionic minerals in the body is essential to our health. There are toxic levels of most minerals, if taken in a non-ionic form.
Minerals provide much of the basic framework from which health is built and maintained, and mineral supplementation is an obvious choice for people who are interested in being proactive in their health. As pointed out in the June 2002 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, everyone needs to supplement with extra nutrients beyond those found in their daily diets. This is not surprising since over the last 200 years, the average amount of top soil in the US has dramatically declined from 21 inches to a mere 6 inches. Fueling your body with the sources of minerals and nutrients is essential to help maintain vibrant health.
1. Dreosti IE. Recommended dietary intakes of iron, zinc, and other inorganic nutrients and their chemical form and bioavailability. Nutrition 1993 Nov-Dec;9(6):542-5.
2. Cefalu WT, Wang ZQ, Zhang XH, Baldor LC, Russell JC. Oral chromium picolinate improves carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and enhances skeletal muscle Glut-4 translocation in obese, hyperinsulinemic (JCR-LA corpulent) rats. J Nutr 2002 Jun;132(6):1107-14
3. Anderson RA, Roussel AM, Zouari N, Mahjoub S, Matheau JM, Kerkeni A. Potential antioxidant effects of zinc and chromium supplementation in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Am Coll Nutr 2001 Jun;20(3):212-8
4. Yadav SP, Gera A, Singh I, Chanda R. Serum selenium levels in patients with head and neck cancer. J Otolaryngol 2002 Aug;31(4):216-9
5. Nielsen, Forrest H. Ultratrace Elements of Possible Importance for Human Health: An Update Essential and Toxic Tace Elements in Human Health: An Update, pages 355-376, 1993.
6. Bishayee A, Chatterjee M. Time course effects of vanadium supplement on cytosolic reduced glutathione level and glutathione S-transferase activity. Biol Trace Elem Res 1995 Jun;48(3):275-285
7. Bishayee A, Chatterjee M. Selective enhancement of glutathione S-transferase activity in liver and extrahepatic tissues of rat following oral administration of vanadate. Acta Physiol Pharmacol Bulg 1993;19(3):83-89
8. Shamherger, R.J The Insulin-Like Effects of Vanadium. J of Adv in Med. Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 1996
9. Tilson MD. Decreased hepatic copper levels. A possible chemical marker for the pathogenesis of aortic aneurysms in man. Arch Surg 1982 Sep;117(9):1212-1213
10. Wildman RE, Medeiros DM, Jenkins J Comparative aspects of cardiac ultrastructure, morphometry, and electrocardiography of hearts from rats fed restricted dietary copper and selenium. Biol Trace Elem Res 1994 Oct;46(1-2):51-66
Calcium is well known as a component of bone and is recommended as the supplement of choice for those with bone and joint ailments. The truth is that while calcium gives our bones rigidity, it is only 20% of total bone mass and provides no flexibility to bone. Bone is the storehouse for calcium. Equally important metabolic roles for calcium are blood clotting, nerve transmission, and energy production. The body recognizes the essential need for calcium and will hold on to whatever it can absorb. When taken in excess and without the other elements necessary to properly store calcium in bones, where 99% of it is supposed to be, our body will store it wherever it can. This can lead to many problems including: arteriosclerosis, stones, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. (See also: Silica.)
Calcium is absorbed in small intestines. Not all calcium we consume will be absorbed. The amount of calcium absorbed is dependent on a number of factors such as the acidic condition in our intestines, Vitamin D level, estrogen level and the type of calcium supplement.
Deficiency and Toxicity
Because bone stores of calcium can be used to maintain adequate blood calcium levels, short-term dietary deficiency of calcium generally does not result in significantly low blood calcium levels. But, over the long term, dietary deficiency eventually depletes bone stores, rendering the bones weak and prone to fracture. A low blood calcium level is more often the result of a disturbance in the body's calcium regulating mechanisms, such as insufficient PTH or vitamin D, rather than dietary deficiency. When calcium levels fall too low, nerve and muscle impairments can result. Skeletal muscles can spasm and the heart can beat abnormally-it can even cease functioning.
Toxicity from calcium is not common because the gastrointestinal tract normally limits the amount of calcium absorbed. Therefore, short-term intake of large amounts of calcium does not generally produce any ill effects aside from constipation and an increased risk of kidney stones. However, more severe toxicity can occur when excess calcium is ingested over long periods, or when calcium is combined with increased amounts of vitamin D, which increases calcium absorption. Calcium toxicity is also sometimes found after excessive intravenous administration of calcium. Toxicity is manifested by abnormal deposition of calcium in tissues and by elevated blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia). However, hypercalcemia is often due to other causes, such as abnormally high amounts of PTH. Usually, under these circumstances, bone density is lost and the resulting hypercalcemia can cause kidney stones and abdominal pain. Some cancers can also cause hypercalcemia, either by secreting abnormal proteins that act like PTH or by invading and killing bone cells causing them to release calcium. Very high levels of calcium can result in appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, seizures, and even coma.
The human populations that consume the most calcium have the highest mortality rates in the world. The Scandinavian countries, the USA and New Zealand are the dairy consuming countries and mortality rates soar in these countries. In Japan and Portugal where the consumption of calcium from dairy products is the lowest on the planet so are the mortality rates. [International Journal Cardiology, Volume 33, 1991]
Overdoses of nonorganically based elements, seen in many mineral preparations must accumulate when they are continually taken, and the result is usually bad in the long run. There is a lot of calcium in most diets, and even a relatively small amount of calcium supplementation, taken on a regular basis, can result in undesirable, rocklike, nonbiologic deposits of calcium in the tissues. -- Thomas E. Levy, MD JD
Various Types of Calcium
Calcium Citrate is touted to be the best absorbed supplemental form of calcium. Cautions: people with acid reflux may not be able to tolerate calcium citrate
Calcium Carbonate: Calcium carbonate is a mineral form of calcium that is the predominant form in dolomite, a very common and cheap source of calcium used in many supplement preparations today. One of the primary characteristics of calcium carbonate in nature is its tendency to precipitate out of solution back into its hard, rocklike form. Dehydration, whether caused by the failure to drink enough water or by taking medications such as diuretics, can promote this precipitation. -- Thomas E. Levy, MD JD, OPTIMAL NUTRITION FOR OPTIMAL HEALTH, Pg 128
Dolomite, Bone Meal or Oyster Shell: These naturally occurring calcium pills may contain heavy metal or lead. At the moment, calcium supplements are not tested by any regulatory agency for lead content. Therefore, it's best to avoid.
Calcium Lactate: from Milk and not a good form of calcium
Coral Calcium: This type of calcium is marketed for more than bone health. Its infomercial claimed that it could cure 200 human diseases. It's indeed only Calcium Carbonate and consumers should be wary of this... Here's why! In January 2005, the Consumer Reports tested 2 brands of coral calcium supplements - both did not meet the California state's lead standard.
Here is the best advice available concerning calcium.
To sum this up for you; all of these forms of calcium are not very absorbable.
1. American women and men consume about 800 milligrams of calcium per day and only require an additional 400-600 milligram of calcium... Being that you get much of this from food, we in the USA are overdosing on calcium.
2. More than 500 milligrams of calcium in a single serving is not only poorly absorbed but too much.
3. If the mineral is not in an ionic form it is not very absorbable.
4. Most calcium in the forms listed above are poorly absorbed even if you take them with meals, and that means, they do not get into the cell where it needs to be.
5. The widespread shortage of magnesium, not calcium, in the western diet is attributed to the high rates of sudden-death heart attack.
6. Calcium supplements should be balanced with magnesium, (probably in equal ratios). There is a false idea that magnesium interferes with the absorption of calcium. Increasing magnesium intake up to 826 milligrams per day was not found to inhibit calcium absorption at an intake level of 812 milligrams of calcium. [Journal American College Nutrition, Volume 13, 1994]
7. Some of those 73 trace minerals calcium are heavy metals, which are undesirable. Even trace amounts of lead are not permitted in calcium supplements, however, maybe present depending upon the source and manufacturer.
Separating Fact from Fiction
There is another side to calcium that advocates don't mention. Calcium can accumulate in heart valves (mitral valve), a condition that strikes 1 in 11 Americans. It can become a concretion in the kidneys and become a stone, a condition that affects 1 in 12 Americans. While some studies indicate increased calcium intake may help reduce the risk of kidney stones, a recent study suggests calcium stone formers should consume water "relatively low in calcium" and calcium-rich meals should be avoided. [Urology International, Volume 67, 2001] Calcium can also pile up in blood vessels. Calcium artery scans are now performed to diagnose arteriosclerosis. Calcifications can block the circulation to the back of the eyes too. ? Bill Sardi
In nature, precipitation occurs when the water content of the dissolved calcium carbonate begins to evaporate, concentrating the mineral and making it easier to drop out of solution. In the body, similar factors can prompt the undesirable precipitation of poorly dissociated mineral forms out of the blood, including calcium carbonate. Even a highly dissolvable form of calcium with weak ionic attractions when dissolved, such as calcium chloride or calcium citrate, will eventually saturate the blood and drop out of solution. So even if you calcium (or other mineral) doesn't come from rock, it can still eventually deposit abnormally in your tissues if you take too much. ? Thomas E. Levy, MD JD
One of the clearest examples of toxic accumulation is seen with most common forms of calcium supplementation. Massive amounts of calcium from such sources will increase bone density only slightly, while significantly increasing unwanted calcium deposition elsewhere in the body. Furthermore, high supplemental calcium may increase the risk of symptomatic kidney stones, while high dietary calcium intake appears to decrease the risk. -- Thomas E. Levy, MD JD, OPTIMAL NUTRITION FOR OPTIMAL HEALTH, Pg 128-132
Too much calcium not only results in calcifications, but calcium overload can produce severe muscle spasms and cramping. Calcium is a muscle constrictor while magnesium is a muscle relaxant. Excessive calcium often produces symptoms of constipation, heart flutters (fibrillation), eyelid twitch, migraines, leg cramps, backaches and monthly cramping in females. ? Bill Sardi
Sodium competes with calcium for absorption. American women may require far more calcium than women in Asian cultures. Women with low protein and sodium intake may need as little as 500 milligrams of calcium per day (which is about the amount Japanese women consume). Women with high protein and sodium consumption may need as much as 2000 milligrams of calcium per day. [Principles Bone Biology, 2nd edition, Robert P. Heaney, 2002]
Link From Calcium to Cancer Runs Both Ways?
Horse breeder and researcher Gordon Woods has long suspected the important role of calcium in rapid cell division, which occurs when a tumor is growing out of control -- and when an embryo is developing.
"There is an electrifying similarity between rapidly dividing embryo cells and rapidly developing cancer cells," he said. [*]
Woods' discovery that calcium was key to success in the mule-cloning experiment bolstered his hypothesis that calcium induces rapid cell growth.
While attempting to clone a mule, Woods discovered that bathing the cloned embryo in a common element -- calcium -- was key to a successful pregnancy. Coincidentally, calcium also plays a key role in the development of cancer tumors; its levels in cells are elevated when cancer tumor cells divide uncontrollably.
Calcium and Prostate Cancer
High calcium consumption may not be a good idea for older males who are prone to developing prostate cancer. Consumption of more than 2000 milligrams of calcium per day increased the risk of prostate cancer by about 300 percent. [Cancer Research, Volume 58, 1998] --
2004 Great Smoky Lab Nutrient Elements Chart
Mindell, Earl R.P.H., Ph.D. Earl Mindell's New Vitamin Bible. Warner Books,